Planning and cooperation
Spatial integration of the Republic of Serbia in the Region and Europe in accordance with Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia 2010-2020
According to Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia 2010-2020, functional integration of Serbia with neighboring countries and regions is the part of the vision of the spatial development of Serbia and one of the basic goals. This is to be achieved through definition, stimulation and harmonization of modalities of international/regional cooperation, and enforcement of provisions of international strategic documents. The Spatial Plan envisages that functional links with neighbouring regions and countries will be established in accordance with European cross-border, transnational and inter-regional cooperation, activities of Euroregions, cooperation between states (in terms of harmonization of spatial and development-related priorities), as well as in line with European principles and spatial development indicators, with support of European funds and establishment of common areas of action. The connections will be made based on natural systems, infrastructure, cultural heritage, urban centres as well as economic and social connections contributing to sustainable spatial development ofSerbiain European setting.
Transnational cooperation framework – Southeast Europe and Carpathians
Apart from the priority consolidation of Pan-European Corridors VII and X, adequate connections to corridors IV, V and VIII, the Carpathian belt, and strengthening of differently sized urban centres will be as important for establishment of functional connections and attractive growth areas. In terms of cross-border, transnational and inter-regional cooperation, it will be necessary to determine institutional competences of regional and local spatial units and establish their offices. Projects implemented within international and regional territorial cooperation are to observe the principles of sustainable development. In order to ensure support to innovations, especially development of information and communication technologies, it is necessary not only to become a part of the European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON), but also to perform harmonization of spatial development indicators with European statistics.
Cross-border cooperation (IPA programme)
Following topics may be singled out among numerous issues of common interest for cooperation with neighbours: composition of joint cross-border spatial plans and regional programmes; completion of the construction of Corridor X; development of transport connections with Corridor IV and planned motorway Timişoara - Stamora Moraviţa; construction of roads towards the Adriatic Sea (motorway Belgrade – the South Adriatic, road direction Niš – Priština - the Adriatic towards Corridor VII, etc.); further development of air transport, especially in regional terms; further development of rail connections with the planned railway route for speed up to 160 km/h along Corridor IV; joint planning, protection and valorisation of rivers, and cooperation aimed at promotion of water transport (the Danube, Sava, Tisa, etc.); development and interlinking of power supply systems (Memorandum of connecting gas supply systems with Bulgaria, construction of a 400 kV power transmission line from Serbia via Skopje to Albania, etc.); economic cooperation in the areas of industry, trade and tourism; formulation of joint measures to stimulate investment, economic development and harmonisation of labour market and training (for instance, with Chongrad region, etc.); unified protection of cultural and natural assets (Iron Gate, Stara Planina, the Upper Danube, the Prokletije, etc.), modernization of border crossings, etc. They have been determined both following different strategic priorities of the Republic of Serbia and taking into account national planning documents of the neighbouring countries. The valid national planning documents of the neighbouring countries may be found using the following links:
National Spatial Plan of Romania (Sectoral national spatial plans of Romania cover the areas of transport, water management, protected areas, and networks of settlements; the sectoral plan in the area of tourism is in the stage of adoption)